For some years now, the introduction of digital terrestrial television (DTTV), also called DVB-T (Digital Video Broadcast - Terrestrial) in Europe and DTV (Digital Television) in the United States, has been progressing rapidly throughout the world.
DVB-T is an international transmission standard for terrestrial digital television. Digital TV signals are transmitted in the same frequency range as their analog predecessors. This is also the range in which RF wireless audio transmission technology operates. Users of wireless audio transmission are able to use the analog TV channels as secondary users. In Europe and Africa, analog television occupies only 7 MHz of the 8 MHz wide UHF channel. Until now, the remaining 1 MHz gap has been used for communication, reporting transmitters and to some extent for wireless microphones.
Therefore, before the introduction of digital television, the UHF frequency range was shared by analog TV transmitters and wireless audio transmission equipment.
Digital television, however, completely occupies the 8 MHz wide channel. Due to the form of the new digital signal that DVB-T uses, the 1 MHz gap is no longer available.
Especially due to the simultaneous operation of analog and digital television transmitters, the spectrum that is now available for wireless microphones is severely limited in many countries.
Furthermore, there is a growing international tendency to restrict the range of the UHF spectrum available for TV channels in favor of new services such as DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcasting - Handheld). New regulations that facilitate the granting of non-regularly used frequencies to new primary users such as mobile communications service providers will further reduce the frequencies that can be technically used for audio transmission.
It is clear that a further reduction in frequency resources for audio transmission is to be expected.
Television has a primary status in the VHF and UHF range; wireless microphones are merely secondary users. Therefore, the operation of wireless microphones is only permitted if it does not interfere with television reception. The operation of a wireless microphone within a digital TV channel can result in interference (for example, image "freezing" on the television screen). As a general rule, we can say that the operation of wireless microphones in the same channel is not permitted as soon as television reception by a DVB-T receiver is possible. In order to operate reliably in the same channel, wireless microphones would require a much higher signal level than the digital TV signal.
Measurements carried out by us in various cities have shown that the operation of Sennheiser wireless microphones in channels adjacent to powerful DVB-T transmitters is possible. The distance between the filter flank of the DVB-T signal and the carrier of a wireless microphone is between 400 kHz and 1 MHz and is dependent on the quality of the filter of the DVB-T transmitter.